Attached to El Attarine are two other souks: the first, which runs along the western coast of the Al-Zaytuna Mosque, is the Souk El Kmach which is noted for its fabrics, and the second, the Souk El Berka, which was built in the 17th century and houses embroiderers and jewelers. [28] In April 1655 the English admiral Robert Blake was sent to the Mediterranean to extract compensation from states that had been attacking English shipping. These ancient buildings include: With an area of 270 hectares (over 29 hectares for the Kasbah)[57] and more than 100,000 people, the Medina comprises one-tenth of the population of Tunis. [63] Ksar Mosque, also of the Hanafi rite, is located in front of Dar Hussein (Bab Menara) and was built in the 12th century. The south is semiarid, and merges into the Sahara. But football is not the only discipline to emerge. Such an operation would require the upgrading of the docks' TGM stations so that they become suitable for light rail trains. Chokri Gharbi, La métamorphose d'une capitale au cœur de la Méditerranée. The 2005 World Championship final for men in team handball was played in Tunis. Tunis is the starting point from which the main roads and all highways that serve different parts of the country of Tunis originate. Tunis has been the capital of Tunisia since 1159. [54] Tunis has several large plains, the most productive are in Ariana and La Soukra (north), the plain of Manouba (west) and the plain of Mornag (south). Temperatures in July and August can exceed 40 °C (104 °F) when the tropical continental air mass of the desert reaches the whole Tunisia. In the middle there is a square where the former slave market stood until the middle of the 19th century. Products include textiles, carpets, and olive oil. The Gorjani garden, is an English garden located southwest of the city, which notably takes an irregular form, partly due to the steep topography of the land.[67]. Sousse, Tunisia - Current weather, an hourly forecast for today, tomorrow, detailed 10-day weather forecast and long range monthly outlook. The isthmus between them is what geologists call the "Tunis dome", which includes hills of limestone and sediments. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 46°F to 94°F and is rarely below 40°F or above 102°F. Tunisia is situated in the warm temperate zone between latitudes 37° and 30° N. In the north the climate is Mediterranean, characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers with no marked intervening seasons. Revenues are generated by the proceeds of taxes on buildings and vacant lots, fees for the rental of municipal property, income from the operation of the public, advertising, and that the fact that the municipality has capital shares in some companies. It was briefly the national capital, from the end of the reign of Ibrahim II in 902, until 909[17] when control over Ifriqiya was lost to the newly founded Fatimid Caliphate. Louis himself died before the walls of the capital and the army was forced out. Tunis has some of the most important libraries in Tunisia including the National Library of Tunisia which was first installed in 1924 in the Medina, in a building built in 1810 by Hammouda Bey to serve as barracks for troops and then a jail. Before 2011, unlike other mayors in Tunisia, the mayor of Tunis is appointed by decree of the President of the Republic from among the members of the City Council. The main company that operates it is one of the oldest in the country and they are generally descendants of Andalusian immigrants expelled from Spain. The average temperatures in the summer months of June, July, August, and September are very high. This was the RTS (rapid rail network), the local equivalent of the Paris RER, which was to carry tens of thousands of travellers from the distant suburbs of Tunis to the centre by using either existing tracks or new tracks yet to be built. The important transport authorities are the Société des Transports de Tunis (STT)[80] and the Ministry of Transport (Airports) The Arab League, which represents 22 Arab nations, transferred its headquarters to Tunis in 1979 because of Egypt's peace with Israel but has been headquartered back in Egypt since 1990. (climate and weather in tunisia) A jagged spit of land extending from the Mediterranean Sea into North Africa, sandwiched between Algeria and Libya, Tunisia is a popular package tour destination offering hot, sunny beach holidays and excursions into the Sahara desert. A regional gymnastics competition was held in Tunis in 1912 with the participation of thousands of French gymnasts. Other arts are also represented in the capital. Different explanations exist for the origin of the name Tunis. The main and oldest of them, is the Al-Zaytuna Mosque, founded in 698 and built in 732 and is in the heart of the Medina. Country: Tunisia, City: Sousse. As the capital of the country, Tunis is the focus of Tunisian political and administrative life and also the centre of the country's commercial and cultural activities. In the south, the climate is hot, arid desert. The economic structure of Tunis, as well as that of the country, is overwhelmingly tertiary industry. Following these conflicts, the city finally fell into Ottoman hands in August 1574. The city had the natural advantage of coastal access, via the Mediterranean, to the major ports of southern Europe. [74] The first screenings were held the following year and the first cinema, the Omnia Pathé, opened in October 1908. This went on for a while until one of the pilgrims realized he was upset, he went up and greeted and talked to Ibn until he entered the city. The Greater Tunis area has an area of 300,000 hectares, 30,000 of which is urbanized, the rest being shared between bodies of water (20,000 hectares of lakes or lagoons) and agricultural or natural land (250,000 hectares). The Museum of the National Movement is situated in Dar Maâkal Az-Zaïm, which was the residence of nationalist Habib Bourguiba for the entirety of the fight for independence. Located in an old beylical palace (the palace of the Bey of Tunis since the end of the 18th century), the Bardo National Museum (Tunis) is the most important archaeological museum in the Maghreb, and has one of the richest Roman mosaic collections in the world. [73] One should also note the El Teatro and Étoile du Nord theater groups. [29], Having succeeded in driving the Axis powers out of Tunisia, the Allies used Tunis as a base of operations from which to stage amphibious assaults first against the island of Pantelleria, and then Sicily, and finally the mainland of Italy.[30]. The average annual temperature is 18.1 °C | 64.6 °F in Tunis. However, urban growth, which is estimated to be increasing by 500 hectares per year, is gradually changing the landscape with urban sprawl. An abrupt southward turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west–east in the north, and north–south in the east. A naval expedition led by Charles himself was dispatched in 1535, and the city was recaptured. As the city has grown and native Tunisians gradually began to replace the extensive European population, conflict between the Arab city and the European city has gradually decreased with the arabization of the population. The variation in climate leads to the great diversity of ecoregions in Tunisia. – Online Research Library: Questia", "Gunmen storm Tunisian museum, kill 17 foreign tourists", "The Latest: French President Mourns Tunisia Victims", "19 killed in Tunisia attack; hostage drama ends with deaths of gunmen", "Gunmen 'take hostages' in attack on Tunisia parliament", http://koeppen-geiger.vu-wien.ac.at/pics/kottek_et_al_2006.gif. They support a range of residential and commercial buildings. With the development of the capital under the reign of the Hafsids, two emerging suburbs grew outside the walls; Bab El Jazira in the south and Bab Souika to the north. Tunis is the seat of the Diocese of Tunis, with the seat located at the Cathedral of St Vincent de Paul, The church was built in 1897 on the site of the old Christian cemetery of Saint-Antoine. The Ottoman Empire took nominal control of Tunis in 1534 when Hayreddin Barbarossa captured it from the Hafsid Sultan Mulai Hassan, who fled to the court of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. The gaps created by their departure were filled by Tunisians who emigrated to Tunis from other parts of the country. The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. However, studies were undertaken in the 1930s with the arrival of the first anthropologists who found that the space of the Medina is not random: the houses are based on a socio-cultural code according to the types of complex human relations. It worked on promoting Arab music, on music education and training, and on cooperation with various partners both in Tunisia and abroad. These include Jebel Jelloud, located in the south-east of Tunis, which concentrates on the heavy industry of cement production, the treatment plant of phosphate s, etc. Founded in 1964, much of the festival is held in an old amphitheater of Carthage (with a capacity of 7,500 seats), and hosts the performances of singers, musicians, actors, dancers and films on display on outdoor screens. Various sources estimate the 19th-century population to have ranged from 90,000 to 110,000 inhabitants. The other 60% is a fertile area. The medina contains most of the major mosques in the capital which were built before the advent of the French protectorate. Founded in 698 is the Al-Zaytuna Mosque and the surrounding area which developed throughout the Middle Ages,[57] dividing Tunis into a main town in two suburbs, in the north (Bab Souika) and the south (Bab El Jazira). [76]. During this period, one of the famous travellers to Tunis was Ibn Battuta. These form a large percentage of the population of the Tunis metropolitan area. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The north of Tunisia has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild and rainy winters. On 18 March 2015, two gunmen attacked the Bardo National Museum and held hostages. In addition to some 200 bus routes, the first light rail line opened in 1985. About 448 mm | 17.6 inch of precipitation falls annually. During each "cultural season" (from October 1 to 30 June) the theater holds over 80 events. To punish the Zirids, he unleashed the Banu Hilal Arab tribe on Ifriqiya; a large part of the country was set to the torch, the Zirid capital Kairouan was razed in 1057, and only a few coastal towns, including Tunis and Mahdia, escaped destruction. Situated on a large Mediterranean Sea gulf (the Gulf of Tunis), behind the Lake of Tunis and the port of La Goulette (Ḥalq il-Wād), the city extends along the coastal plain and the hills that surround it. temperatures, humidity and precipation. The city of Tunis, whose size has increased significantly during the second half of the 20th century, now extends beyond the Tunis Governorate into parts of the governorates of Ben Arous, Ariana and Manouba. Among the priority lines were: Tunis-Borj Cédria (23 km) where modernization and electrification are already planned; Tunis-Mohamedia-Fouchana (19.4 km); Tunis-Manouba-Mnihla (19.2 km); Tunis-Ezzouhour-Sidi Hassine Séjoumi (13.9 km). A great fusion of influences can be seen blending Andalusian styles with eastern influences, and Roman or Byzantine columns, and typical Arab architecture, characterized by the archways.