On 26 March 1244, the two monarchs signed the Treaty of Almizra to determine the zones of their expansion into Andalusia so as to prevent squabbling between them. Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son James and Simon's daughter, when the former was only two yea… It even contains maxims from the medieval Arab philosophers and from the Apophthegmata Philosophorum of Honein ben Ishak, which was probably translated at Barcelona during his reign. En septiembre de 1218 se celebraron por primera vez en Lérida unas Cortes generales de aragoneses y catalanes, en las cuales fue declarado mayor de edad. Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son J… After organising the government for his absence and assembling a fleet at Barcelona in September 1269, he was ready to sail east. Sancha of Castile |6= 6. Specifically, it defined the borders of the newly-created Kingdom of Valencia. Though he later had the marriage annulled, his one son by her was declared legitimate: Alfonso (1229–1260), married Constance of Montcada, Countess of Bigorre In 1235, James remarried to Yolanda, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary by his second wife Yolande de Courtenay. ^ Chaytor, pag. Reconquest. Notwithstanding his early patronage of poetry, by the influence of his confessor Ramon de Penyafort, James brought the Inquisition into his realm in 1233 to prevent any vernacular translation of the Bible.[15]. A storm, however, drove him off course and he landed at Aigues-Mortes. [3], In 1221, he was married to Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England. James was a patron of the University of Montpellier, which owed much of its development to his impetus. A Hebrew translator by the name of Jehuda was employed at James's court during this period. Half brother of Cecilia des Baux-Orange; Péronne de Comminges; Mathilde de Comminges; Constança d'Aragó, baronessa d'Aitona; Pedro del Rey, padre de Lérida and 1 other; and María de Aragón « less, Jaimea​ I de Aragón el Conquistador (catalán/valenciano: Jaume el Conqueridor, aragonés: Chaime lo Conqueridor, occitano: Jacme lo Conquistaire). As well as a fine example of autobiography the "Book of Deeds" expresses concepts of the power and purpose of monarchy; examples of loyalty and treachery in the feudal order; and medieval military tactics. James was born at Montpellier as the only son of Peter II of Aragon and Marie of Montpellier. Indeed, he may himself be called "the first of the Catalan prose writers. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor, Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor, Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador, Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona |9= 9. He entrusted the boy to be educated in Montfort's care in 1211, but was soon forced to take up arms against him, dying at the Battle of Muret on 12 September 1213. [4] [edit]Acquisition of Urgell. Richeza of Poland |12= 12. Indeed, he may himself be called "the first of the Catalan prose writers. Durante su minoría de edad, estuvo bajo la tutela de los caballeros templarios en el castillo de Monzón, habiendo sido encomendado a Guillém de Mont-Rodon, junto con su primo de la misma edad, el Conde de Provenza Ramón Berenguer V. Mientras, actuaba como regente del reino el conde Sancho Raimúndez, hijo de Petronila de Aragón y Ramón Berenguer IV y tío abuelo de Jaime. Anulado su primer casamiento por razón de parentesco, contrajo segundo matrimonio con la princesa Violante (8 de septiembre de 1235), hija de Andrés II, rey de Hungría. The next six years of his reign were full of rebellions on the part of the nobles. He endeavoured to form a southern state on both sides of the Pyrenees, which should counterbalance the power of France north of the Loire. Here also his policy failed against physical, social and political obstacles. James I the Conqueror (Jaume el Conqueridor, Chaime lo Conqueridor, Jacme lo Conquistaire, Jaime el Conquistador; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to … On her death in 1231, James exchanged the Balearic Islands for Urgell with her widower, Peter of Portugal. Petronila of Aragon |10= 10. Isaac Komnenos |15= 15. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. By a treaty with Louis IX of France, he wrested the county of Barcelona from nominal French suzerainty and integrated it into his crown. By the Treaty of Corbeil, signed in May 1258, he frankly withdrew from conflict with Louis IX of France and was content with the recognition of his position, and the surrender of antiquated and illusory French claims to the overlordship of Catalonia. James compiled the Libre del Consulat de Mar, which governed maritime trade and helped establish Aragonese supremacy in the western Mediterranean. xvii + 405 incl. During the demonstration, Egyptian troops hidden in the bushes ambushed a returning Frankish force which had been in Galilee. First page of the Libre dels feyts, from a MS of 1325James was a patron of the University of Montpellier, which owed much of its development to his impetus. When one of the latter, Fernán Sánchez, who had behaved with gross ingratitude and treason to his father, was slain by the legitimate son Peter, the old king recorded his grim satisfaction. ▼2 He died on 25 July 1276. [edit] Further reading The book of deeds of James I of Aragon. Like all the princes of his house, James took part in the politics of southern France. From 1230 to 1232, James negotiated with Sancho VII of Navarre, who desired his help against his nephew and closest living male relative, Theobald IV of Champagne. James was now entrusted to the care of Guillen de Monredon, the head of the Templars in Spain and Provence. [9] He also founded a studium at Valencia in 1245 and received privileges for it from Pope Innocent IV, but it did not develop as splendidly. [edit] Crusade of 1269, James' bastard sons Pedro Fernández and Fernán Sánchez, who had been given command of part of the fleet, did continue on their way to Acre, where they arrived in December. [9] James was a patron of the University of Montpellier, which owed much of its development to his impetus. James also had several lovers, both during and after his marriages, and a few bore him illegitimate sons. Specifically, it defined the borders of the newly-created Kingdom of Valencia. Marie of Montpellier, |4= 4. A storm, however, drove him off course and he landed at Aigues-Mortes. James wrote or dictated at various stages a chronicle of his own life, Llibre dels fets in Catalan, which is the first self-chronicle of a Christian king. 5 maps. Succession. In 1228, James faced the sternest opposition from a vassal yet. De la segunda, Violante de Hungría, tuvo a: Don Pedro (futuro Pedro III el Grande), que le sucedió en los reinos de Aragón, Valencia y en los condados catalanes. James signed it on that date, but Alfonso did not affirm it until much later. The division inevitably produced fratricidal conflicts. Montpellier, 2 de febrero de 1208 + Alcira, 27 de julio de 1276 fue rey de Aragón (1213-1276), de Valencia (1238-1276) y de Mallorca (1229-1276), conde de Barcelona (1213-1276), conde de Urgel, señor de Montpellier (1219-1276) y de otros feudos en Occitania. His long reign saw the expansion of the Crown of Aragon on all sides: into Valencia to the south, Languedoc to the north, and the Balearic Islands to the east. Though James was himself a prose writer and sponsored mostly prose works, he had an appreciation of verse. As in the case of Navarre, he was too wise to launch into perilous adventures. It was only by slow steps that the royal authority was asserted, but the young king, who was of gigantic stature and immense strength, was also astute and patient. Birth of Pedro III el Grande, rey de Aragón. James compiled the Libre del Consulat de Mar,[1] which governed maritime trade and helped establish Aragonese supremacy in the western Mediterranean. In 1276, the king fell very ill at Alzira and resigned his crown, intending to retire to the monastery of Poblet, but he died at Valencia on 27 July. He was an important figure in the development of Catalan, sponsoring Catalan literature and writing a quasi-autobiographical chronicle of his reign: the Llibre dels fets. Succession. Władysław II the Exile |23= 23. [13] In consequence of the Albigensian Crusade, many troubadours were forced to flee southern France and many found refuge in Aragon. Pope Gregory IX was required to intervene. Partner of Blanca de Antillón; Berenguela Ferrández, baronesa de Híjar; Berenguela Alfons de Molina and Elvira Sarroca Though he later had the marriage annulled, his one son by her was declared legitimate: James (c.1255–1285), lord of Xèrica Peter (1259–1318), lord of Ayerbe The children in the third marriage were recognised in his last Will as being in the line of Successon to the Throne, should the senior lines fail. [3] [edit] Acquisition of Urgell, James intervened on behalf of Aurembiax, whom he owed protection. During the demonstration, Egyptian troops hidden in the bushes ambushed a returning Frankish force which had been in Galilee. By 1228 he had so far brought his vassals to obedience, that he was able to undertake the conquest of the Balearic Islands, which he achieved within four years. James (c.1255–1285), lord of Xèrica Peter (1259–1318), lord of Ayerbe. The favour James showed his illegitimate offspring led to protest from the nobles, and to conflicts between his sons legitimate and illegitimate. Urraca of León and Castile, |22= 22. As with the much earlier Visigothic attempt, this policy was victim to physical, cultural, and political obstacles. Crusades, James I of Aragon, Kingdom of France, Louis IX of France, Margaret of Aragon, Philip III of France, The Eighth Crusade at Tunis Philippe III (April 30, 1245 – October 5, 1285), called the Bold, was king of France from 1270 until his death in 1285. Marriages and children James first married, in 1221, Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England. In consequence of the Albigensian Crusade, many troubadours were forced to flee southern France and many found refuge in Aragon. The "khan of Tartary" (actually the Ilkhan) Abaqa corresponded with James in early 1267, inviting him to join forces with the Mongols and go on Crusade. By Blanca d'Antillón: Ferran Sanchis (or Fernando Sánchez; 1240–1275), baron of Castro By Berenguela Fernández: Pedro Fernández, baron of Híjar By Elvira Sarroca: Jaume Sarroca (born 1248), Archbishop of Huesca. James was the first great sponsor and patron of vernacular Catalan literature. Notwithstanding his early patronage of poetry, by the influence of his confessor Ramon de Penyafort, James brought the Inquisition into his realm in 1233 to prevent any vernacular translation of the Bible.[11]. Heredó el señorío de Montpellier a la muerte de su madre (1213). Always the home de fembres (“lady’s man”), he eloped with the wife of one of his vassals in his final years and was excommunicated for his efforts by Pope Gregory X. He endeavoured to repudiate her, and she fled to Rome, where she died in April 1213. James I of Aragon translation in English-Catalan dictionary. Doña María (1248-1267), religiosa también. William VI of Montpellier |25= 25. [edit] Bibliography Chaytor, H. J. James intervened on behalf of Aurembiax, whom he owed protection. The kingdom was given over to confusion until, in 1217, the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Zaragoza. According to the treaty, all lands south of a line from Biar to Villajoyosa through Busot were reserved for Castile. His part in the Reconquista was similar in Mediterranean Spain to that of his contemporary Ferdinand III of Castile in Andalusia. James I of Aragon (Crusade Texts in Translation) by Damian J. Smith (2010-02-01): Damian J. Smith: Books - Amazon.ca Nonetheless, James, who was then campaigning in Murcia, made peace with Mohammed I ibn Nasr, the Sultan of Granada, and set about collecting funds for a Crusade. By the Treaty of Corbeil, with Louis IX., signed the r rth of May 1258, he frankly withdrew from conflict with the French king, and contented himself with the recognition of his position, and the surrender of antiquated French claims to the overlordship of Catalonia. James I OF ARAGON was born on February 2, 1208 in Montpellier, Hérault, Occitanie, France, son of Peter II OF ARAGON and Mary OF MONTPELLIER. A Hebrew translator by the name of Jehuda was employed at James's court during this period. He made Catalan the official language of his domains[2] and sponsored Catalan literature, even a quasi-autobiographical chronicle of his reign: the Llibre dels fets. James I of Aragon James I the Conqueror was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276. James was the first great sponsor and patron of vernacular Catalan literature. [6] James sent an ambassador to Abaqa in the person of Jayme Alaric de Perpignan, who returned with a Mongol embassy in 1269. [3] In 1221, he was married to Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England. James and Sancho negotiated a treaty whereby James would inherit Navarre on the old Sancho's death, but when this did occur, the Navarrese nobless instead elevated Theobald to the throne (1234), and James disputed it. His long reign saw the expansion of the Crown of Aragon on all sides: into Valencia to the south, Languedoc to the north, and the Balearic Islands to the east. Father of Alfonso de Aragón; Violante de Aragón, reina consorte de Castilla; Constanza de Aragón, señora consorte de Escalona; Pedro III el Grande, rey de Aragón; Jaume II, rei de Mallorca and 12 others; Fernando, infant de Aragón; Sancha, infanta de Aragón; María de Aragón, infanta de Aragón; Isabel Capet, queen consort of France; Sancho de Aragón, arzobispo de Toledo; Leonor de Aragón, infanta de Aragón; Jaume I d'Aragó, baró de Xèrica; Pedro, I barón de Ayerbe, infante de Aragón; Fernán Sánchez de Castro, Señor de Castro y Pomar; Pedro Fernández, barón de Híjar; Jaime Sarroca, obispo de Huesca and Pedro del Rey, obispo de Lérida « less