This was built 5 metres (16 ft) below the highest water level. [9], Work commenced on July 12, 1986,[13] and was conducted over a seven-year period. The faces of the facade have carved ornamentation with different materials. The Hassan II Mosque or Grande Mosquée Hassan II (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني; colloquially the "Casablanca Hajj") is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. The whole area covers an area of nine hectares. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo. It is the largest mosque in Morocco and the 13th largest in the world. The museum opened its doors to the public after the construction of the mosque. Take in the hustle of Mohammed V Square in the heart of the city, featuring tropical gardens and Hispanic-Muslim and Art Deco buildings from the 1920s. Casablanca mosque – king Hassan 2 Mosque of Casablanca. Érigée en partie sur la mer, elle est un complexe religieux et culturel, aménagée sur neuf hectares et comporte une salle de prières, une salle d'ablutions, des bains, une école coranique (madrasa), une bibliothèque , un musée et une Académie des arts traditionnels . Hand-carved stone, intricate mosaic tilework, and gilded ceilings showcase the excellence of Moroccan craftsmanship at the Hassan II Mosque… This tour -- and our guide Bennis Hicham -- was exactly what we wanted: tour inside the Hassan II Mosque (one of few permitting non-Muslim vistors) and visit the Museum of Moroccan Judaism (only one in Arab World). The garden around the mosque is well tended and is a popular location for family picnics. [8], The prayer hall is built to a rectangular plan of 200 metres (660 ft) length and 100 metres (330 ft)[20] width with three naves, which are perpendicular to the qibla wall. Geometrically shaped polychromatic zellji with carved plaster are noted with floral and geometric designs with epigraphy. Built on a rocky outcrop of reclaimed land -- in response to Hassan II's translation of the Koranic verse that proclaims God's throne was built upon water -- the mosque is a truly marvelous piece of architecture. [16] It is ornamented with pale blue marble and Zellige tilework. Even though the many structural changes were made as per detailed design, still during execution of works, 100 external pillars, called “combs” because of their wave breaking characteristics, were exposed to salt water and wave action and had to be replaced with new pillars. The traditionally designed madrasa occupies an area of 4,840 square metres (52,100 sq ft) including the basement. The king Hassan II Casablanca mosque is the largest mosque in Africa paper writers college interesting research topics for high school students, and the 5th largest in the world. In the second phase, the voids seen in the prayer hall were filled with concrete. Other elements come from the Tour Hassan Mosque, the Dome of the Rock (also known as Qubbat al Sakhra 688–692 AD), the Great Mosque of Madina (705–710 AD), Kairouan Mosque in Tunisia (663 AD), the Great Mosque of Damascus (705–715 AD), the Great Mosque of Cordoba (785–786 AD), Quarawiyyin Mosque (956 and 1135 AD) in Morocco, the Great Mosque of Tlemcen (1136), and Djamaa el Kebir (1096). So there is an error, somewhere. It was dedicated to the Sovereign of Morocco. [21] This involved use of moly-grade stainless steel combined with high-grade concrete to make the structure resistant to chloride attack, a process that evolved during 3 years of research. Hassan II Mosque Said to have taken seven years and 10,000 craftsmen to construct, the awe-inspiring Hassan II Mosque is the most important landmark in Casablanca. In addition to public donations and those from business establishments and Arab countries (such as Kuwait and Saudi Arabia), western countries provided construction loans, which Morocco repaid.[4]. Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco. I want to build this mosque on the water, because God's throne is on the water. Similar Images . The Hassan II Mosque is an incredibly impressive building and a must-see destination in Casablanca. [23] Green tiles decorate the minaret for one third of the height from the top, and then changes colour to deep green or turquoise blue; it is said that in the Hassan II minaret, the designer had used his sea-foam green and God’s blue to celebrate the life of a king. It symbolizes solidarity, commitment, creativity and spiritual devotion of the Moroccan people. One of the largest mosques in Africa, it can hold 105,000 worshippers – 25,000 inside, the rest on the outside courtyards. [3], The mosque is located at Bd Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah in Casablanca. [5] The ablution room and a vast public hammam are in the basement, with its own entrance. Shorts and short shirts are forbidden. "[12] In 1980, during his birthday celebrations, Hassan II had made his ambitions very clear for creating a single landmark monument in Casablanca by stating:[3]. Guided tours cost 120 dirhams (around $12). [22] It has a laser beam fitted at the top, which is electronically operated in the evening. The gates are embellished with marble bars which have faux voussoirs (alternately smooth or sculpted). [17] A particular feature in the mosque is that all structures are made of reinforced cement concrete and all decorations are of traditional Moroccan design. It showcases art pieces from various traditional Moroccan arts as well as unused architectural elements of the mosque, such as carved stucco, painted wood ceilings, and zellij walls. While Hassan wished to build a mosque which would be second in size only to the mosque at Mecca, the government lacked funds for such a grand project. The Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca was completed in 1993 after great expense and artistic labor, and the result is one of the largest and most beautiful mosques in the world. [6], The mosque rises above the Atlantic Ocean. The building was commissioned by King Hassan II to be the most ambitious structure ever built in Morocco. The adoption of this plan has been described as "a conflict between King Hassan II the ancient aristocrat and King Hassan II the contemporary leader who must develop commerce and industry in order meet the needs of his country. It is so large that it can easily accommodate the house of the Notre Dame of Paris or St Peter's of Rome. It is the largest functioning mosque in Africa and is the 7th largest in the world. There are features from an old Roman fort converted into the tomb of King Mohammed V of Rabat. The minaret is 60 stories high topped by a laser, the light from which is directed towards Mecca [19], The building blends Islamic architecture and Moroccan elements, and reflects Moorish influences, while featuring an urban design. The decorations in the hall are elaborate and exquisite made possible by involving 6000 master artisans of Morocco working on it. On either side of the hall, there are mezzanine floors with carved dark wood furnishings, which are reserved for women. Hassan ii Mosque tickets are easily available over the counter, however, as you buy tickets for Hassan ii Mosque tours, you get to know its history and architecture better. The dome, arches and walls give a grand ambiance to the mosque. Therefore, the faithful who go there to pray, to praise the creator on firm soil, can contemplate God's sky and ocean. The building is built partially on land and partially over the ocean. [9] It was designed by the French architect Michel Pinseau who had lived in Morocco, and was constructed by the civil engineering group Bouygues. Its minaret soaring 210 metres – or 60 stories – over the Atlantic Ocean, makes the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco the tallest minaret in the world, and the tallest buiding in Morocco.Built in just seven years during the reign of King Hassan II to be the most ambitious structure ever built in Morocco, the Hassan II Mosque is one of only two mosques in the country open to non-Muslims. I enjoyed walking around the site during my tour on a beautiful sunny day. All of these works involved use of 1300 tons of special steel (with 40 tons of Mo) of 8–20 millimetres (0.31–0.79 in) bars with yield strength of 850 N per mm2. Called B.H.P (highly resistant concrete), it offers a resistance to compression value of 1200 bars per sqcm (claimed to be a world record) and has a very quick setting time. Plan your visit. Product #: gm969259704 $ 33.00 iStock In stock The Hassan II Mosque – In Photos. Hassan II Mosque attraction travel guidebook, Casablanca must-visit attractions. A "triptyich marble partition with open work and central window flanked by two smaller sized windows" are built on the wall of the façade. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني ‎, French: Grande Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco.It is the largest functioning mosque in Africa and is the 7th largest in the world. Completed in 1993, it was designed by Michel Pinseau and built by Bouygues. [18] The mosque has capacity to accommodate 25,000 devotees for prayers in the main hall and another 80,000 in the plaza squares around it. The entire work was done at a cost of 50 million euros. Hassan's rule, one characterized by a poor human rights record that was labelled as "appalling" and perhaps one of the worst in Africa. Today, the Hassan II Mosque is famous for being the largest Mosque in Morocco, the second largest mosque in Africa and the fifth (or third, or seventh, opinions vary) largest in the world! Much of the financing was by public subscription. 10,000 artists and craftsmen participated in building and beautifying the mosque. [13] It weighs 1100 tons and can be opened in five minutes; it measures 60 metres (200 ft) high, with an area of 3,400 square metres (37,000 sq ft). [18], The roof is retractable, illuminating the hall with daytime sunlight and allowing worshippers to pray under the stars on clear nights. The Hassan II Mosque or Grande Mosquée Hassan II (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني ‎; colloquially the "Casablanca Hajj") is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco.It is the largest mosque in Africa, and the 5th largest in the world. And the 80,000 faithful esplanade (the entire complex can accommodate 105,000 people) .n 2. Guided tours are possible from Saturday to Thursday, at 9:00, 10:00, 11:00, 12:00 or 14:00, or daily at 14:30 in the summer. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني‎) is a religious buildings in Casablanca, Morocco, the largest mosque in the country and the 3rd largest mosque by capacity and 6th largest by area in the world. From the nearest train station at Casa-Port it is about a 20-minute walk to the mosque. Similar Images . "[15] The building dimensions are 200 metres (660 ft) in length and 100 metres (330 ft) in width. [citation needed] Its minaret is the world's second tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft). In order that the visits are going smoothly and in best conditons, please read and respect the following rules : Wear clothes that cover your shoulders, chest and that are as long enough to cover until your knees. The concrete quantity poured involved 100,000 cubic metres (3,500,000 cu ft) of non-reinforced bulk concrete and 10,000 cubic metres (350,000 cu ft) of high-strength concrete. La Mosquée Hassan II est un lieu de culte et de recueillement, et afin que les visites se déroulent dans les meilleures conditions, vous êtes priés de vous conformer aux règles suivantes : Portez des habits qui couvrent les épaules, le torse et arrivent en dessous des genoux. Old Mosque (Mosque of the Kasbah of the Udayas), List of universities, colleges and schools, Académie internationale Mohammed VI de l'aviation civile, Lycée français international Louis-Massignon, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hassan_II_Mosque&oldid=988083014, Religious buildings and structures in Casablanca, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 105,000 (25,000 indoors, additional 80,000 on Mosque's grounds), This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 23:26. Two large breakwaters were also built, to protect the mosque from the erosive action of the ocean waves, which can be up to 10 metres (33 ft) in height. Tours & Sightseeing. In the third phase, the structural slabs and pillars on the exterior part of mosque exposed to the sea were demolished; 6,000 cubic metres (210,000 cu ft) of concrete was removed. During the most intense period of construction, 1400 men worked during the day and another 1100 during the night. This necessitated an additional leak-proof dyke to be built behind the earlier one; total dyke quantity involved was 20,000 cubic metres (710,000 cu ft). Highly recommend it … The qibla wall is perpendicular to the naves which is said to be an unconventional layout, given that it is customary for the rows of worshipers facing Mecca to be as wide as possible rather than extend farther back (Halod and Khan 1997, 61). The Hassan II Mosque is an incredibly impressive building and a must-see destination in Casablanca. [22] The concrete used for the minaret was a special high-grade type, which could perform well under severe conditions of a combined action of strong wind and seismicity. Recommended. #149864133 - Partial view of the museum area of The Hassan II Mosque - large,.. Editorial. Our most popular tours and activities. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Its minaret is the world’s second tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft). The construction work involved engagement of 35,000 workers and working of over 50 million hours. I enjoyed walking around the site during my tour on a beautiful sunny day. It is oriented towards Mecca, across the sea and has a range of 30 kilometres (19 mi). [14] Twelve million people donated to the cause, with a receipt and certificate given to every donor. Hassan II Mosque. The Hassan II Mosque was commissioned by King Mohammed VI’s father, Hassan II, in the 1980s and completed in 1993. Bennis was extremely knowledgeable … "[9] The 41 fountains[11] in the courtyard are all well decorated. The minaret is 60 stories high topped by a laser, the light from which is directed towards Mecca. The base to the top width ratio of 1 to 8 (between basement and the summit) has a marble covering on the exterior with austere decoration. Construction was scheduled to be completed in 1989 ready for Hassan II's 60th birthday. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); History of the Hassa Mosque The Hassan II mosque (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani) is a mosque located in Casablanca (Morocco). The Hassan II Mosque: It is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. [21], Minaret's reflection on the Atlantic water. The central nave of the hall is 40 metres (130 ft) and larger than the side naves which are 27 metres (89 ft) high. [4] The mosque stands on a promontory looking out to the Atlantic Ocean; worshippers can pray over the sea but there is no glass floor looking into the sea. The minaret is said to enhance the visual alignment of the boulevard. Its minaret is the world's tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft). [21] The roof is covered with cast-aluminium tiles, (similar to the Fez tiles), stronger and more reliable than traditional ceramic tiles, and about 35 percent lighter. Its minaret is the world's second tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft). The Hassan II Mosque is the second largest mosque in the world and is located in Casablanca, the economic and business capital of Morocco. Partly built on the sea, it is a religious and cultural complex, spread over nine hectares and includes a prayer hall, ablution room, baths, a Koranic school […] [9] The smallest contribution was 5 DH. Highly recommend it … Highly recommend it … Shorts et sans manches sont absolument interdits. [2] However, the building was not completed on schedule which delayed inauguration. Partly built on the sea, it is a religious and cultural complex, spread over nine hectares and includes a prayer hall, ablution room, baths, a Koranic school (madrasa), a library and a museum.The prayer hall can accommodate 25,000 faithful with a total area of ​​20,000 m2. Cranes were also designed to suit the height of the minaret for concreting. I enjoyed walking around the site during my tour on a beautiful sunny day. strengthened the Alaouite dynasty. Visitors need to respect a strict dress code: no shoes, covered knees and shoulders. [21], Effective restoration works were instituted in April 2005. The basilical plan of the mosque justifies this layout of the boulevard. The woodcarvings, the zellij work and the stucco mouldings are of elaborate and highly impressive design; the wood used for carving is cedar from the middle Atlas mountains, the marble is from Agadir and granite is brought from Tafraoute. [21] The works were carried out in four phases. [11] Six thousand traditional Moroccan artisans worked for five years to create the abundant and beautiful mosaics, stone and marble floors and columns, sculpted plaster moldings, and carved and painted wood ceilings. Completed in 1993, it was designed by Michel Pinseau and built by Bouygues. In the fourth phase, new exterior protection works were built using high-strength concrete with 2205 (conforming to UNS S 32205 EN 1.442 standards) stainless steel rods as reinforcements for effective erosion control. Pinseau designed the building in such a way that it is able to endure earthquakes. It was designed by the French architect Michel Pinseau and … 8,968 Reviews #1 of 83 things to do in Casablanca. [6] It is square in shape thrusting skyward. [16] Tadelakt, a plastering technique which adds egg yolks and black soap into mixed plaster, was used in the hammam baths. iStock Hassan Ii Mosque Casablanca Morocco Stock Photo - Download Image Now Download this Hassan Ii Mosque Casablanca Morocco photo now. Salt water had penetrated beyond the steel bar also into the structures. The doors are electrically operated. A maximum of 105,000 worshippers can gather together for prayer: 25,000 inside the mosque hall and another 80,000 on the mosque's outside ground. fountain, hassan ii mosque, grande mosquee hassan ii, moorish architecture, with 210m highest minaret of the world, casablanca, morocco - mosque hassan ii … And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Arabia photos available for quick and easy download. The pillars of 13 metres (43 ft) height are square in shape with engaged columns and cruciform joining a series of pillars. These information answers detailedly about what to … Built and partially funded by King Hassan II (the remaining funds were gathered through a somewhat controversial public subscription process), the mosque complex was designed by French architect Michel Pinseau, took six years to build and was completed in 1993. Salt water migrating into the porous concrete caused the rusting of the rebar steel reinforcements resulting in expansion of the steel and causing cracking of concrete. [2][3] Completed in 1993, it was designed by Michel Pinseau under the guidance of King Hassan II and built by Moroccan artisans from all over the kingdom. King Hassan II had requested for the best of the country's artisans to come forward and submit plans for a mausoleum to honour the departed king; it should "reflect the fervor and veneration with which this illustrious man was regarded. Apart from the mosque, other structures in the area are a madrasa (Islamic school), hammams (bathhouses), a museum on Moroccan history, conference halls, and a very large library said to be the "most comprehensive in the Islamic world. Sacred & Religious Sites. Built as a tribute to the former king of Morocco, King Hassan II, it features intricate stonework and a stunning location on the cliffs overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. Thirteen years later, he inaugurated the Hassan II Mosque. The Hassan II Mosque – Good to Know. Its layout is known as the basilican plan, which is different from the common practice of a T shaped plan adopted in many North African countries. Trip.com provides tourists with Hassan II Mosque attraction address, business hours, brief introduction, open hours, nearby recommendation, restaurant, reviews etc. Country: Morocco Currency: Moroccan Dirham City: Casablanca Hassan II Mosque Hassan II Mosque is a well-known mosque known for its high level of modernity and is a rare foreign to Morocco Open mosque. It is the second largest in the Islamic world, after Mecca in Saudi Arabia, and its quadrangular, green-tiled minaret, which reaches 200 metres, is the tallest. Michel Pinseau, a French architect, designed the Hassan Mosque and its accompanying minaret. The prayer hall is also illuminated by light from the glass gates on the northern wall.[21]. [citation needed] Its minaret is the world's second tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft). In the first phase a leak-proof coffer dam was constructed to isolate and dry the work area. Hassan II Mosque. [9], Construction costs, estimated to be about 585 million euro, were an issue of debate in Morocco, a lower mid-income country. [21] This enabled the building of a taller structure with due underpinning of the foundation, while adhering to the construction schedule. Such panels, built with multicolored arches, engraved with ornamented floral designs, appear like a geometrical framework when viewed from the outside. This was achieved by the Science Department of the Bouygues Group, the contractors for the project, who developed an extra-strength concrete four times stronger than ordinary concrete. It is the largest functioning mosque in Africa and is the 7th largest in the world. Historical Mosquee Hassan II The Hassan II Mosque was built under the reign and directives of King Hassan II. Visit the beautiful Hassan II Mosque, the largest mosque in Morocco and the 13th largest in the world. This decorative material (with chrome and green as dominant colours), is a substitute for the use of bricks, the material used in many other notable minarets, and has given the mosque an extraordinary elegance. The Hassan II Mosque is an incredibly impressive building and a must-see destination in Casablanca. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني‎, French: Grande Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. At 210 metres (690 ft) in height the minaret is the second tallest minaret in the world. La mosquée Hassan-II (arabe : مسجد الحسن الثاني (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani)) est une mosquée située à Casablanca (Maroc). Planned on the site of the former municipal swimming pool, its construction began on July 12, 1986 and its inauguration took place on August 30, 1993, after seven years of work. The Hassan II Mosque is an emblem of an entire nation. 8,968 Reviews #1 of 83 things to do in Casablanca. All of the granite, plaster, marble, wood and other materials used in the construction, were extracted from around Morocco, with the exception of some Italian white granite columns and 56 glass chandeliers. The mosque is a La Mosquée Hassan II is a place of place of worship,meditation and prayer. It is the largest mosque in Africa, and the 3rd largest in the world. The ten-lane boulevard with shopping avenues has its at the southern facade of the mosque and extends to the gates of the Palace Oued el Makhazine in the middle of the city. It rises imposingly over Casablanca and can be seen from any point in the city. The formal inauguration was subsequently chosen to be the 11th Rabi' al-Awwal of the year 1414 of the Hijra, corresponding to 30 August 1993, which also marked the eve of the anniversary of Prophet Muhammad’s birth. The walls are of hand-crafted marble and the roof is retractable. Structural deterioration in the concrete wall was observed ten years after the mosque's completion. There are stitches of roudani tracetine on a 100,000 MP surface. "[12], The prayer hall is on the ground floor. [12] The first-class sound system is discreetly hidden. [12] It displays elements found in other Moroccan buildings such as the unfinished mosque in Rabat and the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakesh. Its gleaming newness and tremendous wealth is a stark contrast against the rest of Casablanca. [21] This was explained as being due to exposure to the salt water of the Atlantic Ocean, into which nearly half of the mosque’s foundation projects. The central hall is centrally heated, and provides spectacular underwater views of the Atlantic Ocean. Add to Likebox #107063789 - Vector thin line icons of Koutoubia Mosque, Ait Ben Haddou, Hassan.. In Morocco's first constitution of 1963, Hassan II reaffirmed Morocco's choice of a multi-party political system, the only one in the Maghreb at that time. Carved or painted marble or shaped wood are used for these elegant designs, which highlight Islamic art forms. Notable architectural features include the conspicuous columns, the horseshoe arches, and the innumerable muqarnas embellishing the ceilings. In the words of the authors of the book Morocco Country Study Guide, the Hassan II Mosque "undeniably marks the continuity of a modernized ancestral art and bears the sign of innovations that are due not only to technical reasons but also to a fertile exploration of new aesthetic possibilities. [9] A temporary pier 800 metres (2,600 ft) in length had to be erected to protect the foundations of the pillars from the sea during the construction period. Hassan II Mosque History of the Hassan 2 Mosque History of the Hassa Mosque The Hassan II mosque (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani) is a mosque located in Casablanca (Morocco). This siting was accomplished by creating a platform linking a natural rock outcrop reclaimed from the sea,[7][8] where a swimming pool had previously been located. Sacred & Religious Sites. Earlier in this article, under "Architecture and Fittings" it is said that the whole building is 200 m long. This is expected to enhance the building's life by 100 years. The minaret is 60 stories high topped by a laser, the light from which is directed towards Mecca. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني‎, French: Grande Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Browse our largest collection of experiences. Its minaret is the world’s tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft).Completed in 1993, it was designed by Michel Pinseau and built by Bouygues. Since the mosque … The exterior surfaces of the mosque display titanium, bronze, and granite finishes. These were made from high-strength concrete with 2205 stainless steel reinforcements. The Hassan II Mosque has become a symbol for the city. [5] The 9-hectare (22-acre) complex nestles between the harbor and the El Hank lighthouse. But one thing is for sure: the minaret (the tower on top) is the tallest minaret in the world. The mosa is divided into two parts, the main hall and the open-air plaza. Completed in 1993, it was designed by Michel Pinseau under the guidance of King Hassan II and built by Moroccan artisans from all over the kingdom. The historical context of the mosque began with the death of King Mohammed V in 1961. You don’t have to fret over Hassan ii Mosque ticket prices, as they are quite affordable. The central hall is undulating with a succession of numerous domes from which glass chandeliers, imported from Murano, are hung. [10] Its environmental advantage is that it is free of noise and pollution and receives a fresh breeze from the sea.[4]. Combined with many other attractions, these tours offer you great deals and bargains. Two stories in height, it is constructed in a semi-circular shape, with abutting qibla wall and the mihrab section.