It is the worst volcanic disaster in the country's recorded history. La ville est aussi la capitale de la préfecture de Kyoto ainsi que l'une des grandes villes de la … "Du fait de sa situation nord-sud, le climat au Japon est extrêmement varié. [11] The Exclusive Economic Zone stretches from the baseline out to 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its coast. [153], Since recording started in 1951, an average of 2.6 typhoons reached the main islands of Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu and Hokkaido per year. [27], Another important plain is the Sendai Plain around the city of Sendai in northeastern Honshū. The Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry is exploring over 40 locations for potential geothermal energy plants. Quatre de ces îles — du nord au sud, Hokkaidō (79 000 km ), historiquement peuplée par les Aïnous, Honshū (227 000 km ) la plus grande et la plus peuplée avec 105 millions d'habitants, Shikoku (18 000 km ) qui est l'île de la mer intérieure et Kyūshū(36 000 km ) — représentent l'essentiel d'un territoire de 377 975 km (95 % du territoire des 4 00… Climate … Because of Japan's many far-flung outlying islands and long coastline, the country has extensive marine life and mineral resources in the ocean. So currently there are few deep sea mining projects to retrieve minerals or deepwater drilling on the ocean floor. The highest classification are 75 Special Natural Monuments (特別天然記念物, tokubetsu tennen kinenbutsu) and 36 Special Places of Scenic Beauty (特別名勝, tokubetsu meishō). In 1915, the New Three Views of Japan were selected with a national election by the Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha (株式会社実業之日本社). (2005). Unzen erupted in 1792 and killed more than 15,000 people. These subduction plates have pulled Japan eastward and opened the Sea of Japan by back-arc spreading around 15 million years ago. », Réseau des bibliothèques de Suisse occidentale, Site officiel de la Chambre des Conseillers, Site officiel de la Chambre des Représentants, Mécanisme pour les Tribunaux pénaux internationaux, Tribunal pénal international pour l’ex-Yougoslavie, Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda, Commission européenne pour l'efficacité de la justice, Protection des personnes à l'égard du traitement automatisé des données à caractère personnel, Participation des étrangers à la vie publique au niveau local, Participation des jeunes à la vie locale et régionale, Protection des enfants contre l'exploitation et les abus sexuels, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japon&oldid=178062554, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Page pointant vers des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Page pointant vers des bases relatives aux beaux-arts, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la bande dessinée, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la musique, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la santé, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la vie publique, Page pointant vers des bases relatives au vivant, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, l'anniversaire de l'empereur Shōwa (Hirohito), Fête de la nature (aussi dit « Fête du vert »). [73] The Early Miocene period was when the Sea of Japan started to open, and the northern and southern parts of the Japanese archipelago separated from each other. Geographically the Kuril Islands are a northeastern extension of Hokkaido. It is considered a mature island arc. Il est composé de 4 îles principales qui représentent 95 % du territoire, et d'environ 3 000 autres pe Capitale du Japon, Tokyo compte dans son agglomération plus de trente millions d’habitants, ce qui en fait la zone urbaine la plus peuplée de la planète. The most destructive was Isewan Typhoon with 5,000 casualties in the Tokai region in September 1959. They extend from the Izu Peninsula west of Tokyo Bay southward for about 1,200 kilometres (750 mi), to within 500 kilometres (310 mi) of the Mariana Islands. The average temperature in Sapporo is 8.2 °C. Nearly 1 in 3 Japanese people live in the Greater Tokyo Area. In Okinawa, the rainy season starts early in May and continues until mid June. [7] For example, the northern part of Hokkaido has a taiga biome. There are three major plains in central Honshū. The Japan Trench is created as the oceanic Pacific Plate subducts beneath the continental Okhotsk Plate. The temperature here averages 15.6 °C | 60.1 °F. The climate in Sapporo is cold and temperate. [24] Many of these plains are along the coast, and their areas have been increased by land reclamation throughout recorded history. The island area ranks 21st in the world by area. The pyroclastic flows could reach much of Kyushu. Japan comprises 6852 islands extending along the Pacific coast of Asia. Okinawa is, due to its geographic location, most vulnerable to typhoons with an average of 7 storms per year. It is estimated that there are approximately 40 trillion cubic feet of methane clathrate in the eastern Nankai Trough of Japan. Nanpō Islands (南方諸島) are the groups of islands that are located to the south and east of the main islands of the Japanese archipelago. The Kantō Plain, Osaka Plain and Nōbi Plain are the most important economic, political and cultural areas of Japan. It is located south of Honshu and northeast of Kyushu. [137] More recent major quakes are the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, a 9.1-magnitude[138] quake which hit Japan on March 11, 2011. Honshū (本州) is the largest island of Japan and the 2nd most populous island in the world. [94] Shinzo Abe’s government seeks to restart the nuclear power plants that meet strict new safety standards and is emphasizing nuclear energy's importance as a base-load electricity source. The highest recorded temperature in Japan was 41.1 °C (106.0 °F) on 23 July 2018, an unverified record of 42.7 °C was taken in Adachi on 20 July 2004. Comissão de Elaboração da História dos 80 Anos da Imigração Japonesa no Brasil, Japan Is Back: Why Tokyo’s New Assertiveness Is Good for Washington, Japan-Australia Joint Declaration on Security Cooperation, Joint Declaration on Security Cooperation between Japan and India, Table: Net Official Development Assistance In 2004, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Tokyo says it will bring troops home from Iraq, Japan's NSC meets for first time, with ADIZ issue on agenda, Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa, En décembre 2018, le Japon a annoncé sa décision d'augmenter son budget consacré à la défense et prévoir d'acheter aux États-Unis 45 chasseurs furtifs F-35 supplémentaires au cours des cinq prochaines années. The Japanese archipelago is over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) long in a north-to-southwardly direction from the Sea of Okhotsk to the Philippine Sea in the Pacific Ocean. There are many farms that produce a plethora of agricultural products. Tokyo n’est cependant plus une ville aujourd’hui au sens administratif et juridique du terme, mais une mégapole correspondant à l’échelon, Des conflits territoriaux existent pour les. [96], Japan has 34 National Parks (国立公園, Kokuritsu Kōen) and 56 Quasi-National Parks (国定公園, Kokutei Kōen) in 2019. To the north the Sea of Okhotsk separates it from the Russian Far East, to the west the Sea of Japan separates it from the Korean Peninsula, to the southwest the East China Sea separates the Ryukyu Islands from China and Taiwan, to the east is the Pacific Ocean. There are three major basins: the Yamato Basin in the southeast, the Japan Basin in the north and the Tsushima Basin in the southwest. It is almost 1,200 km (750 mi) long from Ibaraki Prefecture in the northeast to Fukuoka Prefecture in the southwest. Chaque carnet peut contenir des récits de voyage, albums photo, avis, cartes avec itinéraires et carnets de route. [16] The 1914 Sakurajima eruption produced lava flows which connected the former island with the Ōsumi Peninsula in Kyushu. Spring is generally considered the best time to visit Japan, as the weather is the mildest. Rice has a 100% food self-sufficiency. That downpour is just one example of the climate pheno… Sapporo is a city with a significant rainfall. Japan considers the northern territories (aka Southern Chishima) part of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaido Prefecture. Port Island, Rokkō Island and Kobe Airport were built in Kobe. It triggered a large tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, one of the worst disasters in the history of nuclear power.[139]. Reclaimed land and man-made islands are particularly susceptible to liquefaction during an earthquake. The third largest plain is the Osaka Plain which covers 1,600 km2 (620 sq mi) in the Kinki region. At least 100 aftershocks registering a 6.0 magnitude or higher have followed the main shock. Le Mont Fuji enneigé-pris d'un avion et d'un Shinkansen. The report also stated that the quake caused several major landslides on the seabed in the affected area. [24] About 73 percent of Japan's area is mountainous, and scattered plains and intermontane basins (in which the population is concentrated) cover only about 27 percent. Throughout history, Japan was never fully invaded nor colonized by foreigners. [69] A report by the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, published in Science on 2 December 2011, concluded that the seabed in the area between the epicenter and the Japan Trench moved 50 metres (160 ft) east-southeast and rose about 7 metres (23 ft) as a result of the quake. Thus Japan possesses one of the largest ocean territories with a combination of all depths from shallow to very deep sea. 81% of the population lives on Honshu, 10% on Kyushu, 4.2% on Hokkaido, 3% on Shikoku, 1.1% in Okinawa Prefecture and 0.7% on other Japanese islands such as the Nanpō Islands. [143] In Edo, the volcanic ash was several centimeters thick. [57], The Japanese island arc system has distributed volcanic series where the volcanic rocks change from tholeiite—calc-alkaline—alkaline with increasing distance from the trench. The Exclusive economic zone of Japan has an estimated large quantities of mineral resources such as methane clathrate, natural gas, metallic minerals and rare-earth mineral reserves. The Boom in Robot Investment Continues—900,000 Industrial Robots by 2003. and United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, World Motor Vehicle Production by Country, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Homepage, Mercury Exploration Mission "BepiColombo", Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Successfully Launches Lunar Explorer "Kaguya", Image Taking of "Full Earth-Rise" by HDTV, IT Industry Competitiveness Index 2011 (Japan), Health Insurance: General Characteristics, National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. Sapporo, sur l'île du nord, a un été doux et un hiver long et froid avec de fortes chutes de neige. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government spent an additional 3.8 billion yen ($33.5 million) to pump out groundwater by digging hundreds of wells. [44] The Japan Basin has an oceanic crust and it is the deepest part of the sea, whereas the Tsushima Basin is the shallowest with depths below 2,300 m (7,500 ft). Le climat est favorable sur 3% du territoire. They are deeper than the Eurasian plate. The five main islands of Japan are Hokkaidō, Honshū, Kyūshū, Shikoku and Okinawa. Article wiki sous licence Creative Commons - Modifié le 06 juillet 2011 Créé et mis à jour par di dji, Natalie Chercher dans Visoterra. La mer joue un rôle extrêmement important dans la vie et l'économie japonaises. Appropriately 40 cubic kilometers of magma would be released in one burst and cause enormous damage.[151]. [14] East of the Japanese archipelago are three oceanic trenches. Hokkaido is near Sakhalin, which was occupied by Japan from 1905 to 1945. "Okinawa-shi" in. [66], The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami caused portions of northeastern Japan to shift by 2.4 metres (7 ft 10 in) closer to North America. Thus Japan's industrial sector became even more dependent than before on imported fossil fuels. [1] It is the 4th largest island country in the world and the largest island country in East Asia. It has a population of 104,000,000 with a population density of 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi) (2010). [130] The Kuril Islands historically belong to Japan. [92] Offshore fisheries accounted for an average of 50% of the nation's total fish catches in the late 1980s although they experienced repeated ups and downs during that period.[24]. This is why currently Japan has very limited proven reserves like crude oil. Le climat est très varié, du fait de l'étirement du Japon du nord au sud, de la latitude de Québec à celle de Cuba : Hokkaidō et le nord de Honshū (Sapporo, Niigata) ont un climat continental proche du climat acadien avec un été chaud et un hiver long, froid et très neigeux. On the western shores, they are narrow particularly along the Korean and Russian coast, averaging about 30 km (19 mi). [24], Rivers are generally steep and swift, and few are suitable for navigation except in their lower reaches. Kyoto ou Kyōto Écouter est une ville japonaise de la région du Kansai, au centre de Honshū. If the volcanic ash continuously flows eastward, then the ash fall would make it impossible to live in most parts of Japan (the main islands) because of a paralysis of traffic and lifelines for a limited period until the eruption subsides. The term has been the international standard since at least the early 19th century. These are designated and managed for protection and sustainable usage by the Ministry of the Environment under the Natural Parks Law (自然公園法) of 1957. [99] Hokkaido has 22% of Japan's forestland with coniferous trees (Sakhalin fir and Sakhalin spruce) and broad-leaved trees (Japanese oak, birch and Painted maple). Kawanabe, H.; Nishino, M.; and Maehata, M., editors (2012). [85] In regards to agricultural products, the self-sufficiency rate of most items is less than 100% except for rice. L’année Stratégique 2008, Analyse des enjeux internationaux, Net Index by Ookla - Household Download Index for Japan. [24] Because of its wide range of latitude,[24] seasonal winds and different types of ocean currents,[citation needed] Japan has a variety of climates, with a latitude range of the inhabited islands from 24°N - 46°N, which is comparable to the range between Nova Scotia and The Bahamas in the east coast of North America. Major earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis occur several times per century. [9] All of these points are accessible to the public. Marine life and mineral resources in the territorial waters. [9][114] As of 2016[update], Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi). [5] Multiple long undersea mountain ranges stretch from Japan's main islands to the south. Reclamation of 80% to 90% of all the tidal flatland was done. [24] The Pacific coastline south of Tokyo is characterized by long, narrow, gradually shallowing inlets produced by sedimentation, which has created many natural harbors. The Ocean Spiral was co-developed with JAMSTEC and Tokyo University.[124][125]. Le climat du Japon n’est pas simple à décrire : cet archipel tout en longueur et couvert de montagnes ne possède pas les mêmes... où partir en février : choix du pays au soleil - mackoo.com Rue du quartier Sanmachi. The average farm size in Hokkaido is 26 hectares per farmer in 2013. Le jour du dépassement calculé par pays est le jour où le dépassement mondial se produirait si toute la population mondiale consommait comme la population du pays en question. Japan ranks 5th with sea volume of 2,000–3,000 meters, 4th with 3,000–4,000 meters, 3rd with 4,000–5,000 meters and 1st with volume of 5,000 to over 6,000 meters. The Osaka Plain is connected with Kyoto and Nara. The north side becomes very cold, and much snow falls in winter. Le climat de San Francisco est très comparable à celui que l'on trouve sur la côte atlantique du Maroc ou encore au centre du Chili [34]. Japan is generally a rainy country with high humidity. However this can be very costly, so for a private residential block of land, a Swedish weight sounding test is more common. La montagne est partout présente au Japon. This makes determination of the geological history and composition difficult and it is not yet fully understood. Large land reclamation projects with landfill were done in coastal areas for maritime and industrial factories, such as Higashi Ogishima in Kawasaki, Osaka Bay and Nagasaki Airport. Kameda Y. [111][112] The area is 13,500 km2 (5,200 sq mi)[113] and has a population density of 2,642 square kilometres (1,020 sq mi). The underground area of Kyushu must be monitored, because it is a dangerous area with a potential caldera eruption. A l'opposé, le « Japon de l'envers », tourné vers la Chine est p… It consists of 6,852 islands. Elle est considérée comme le lieu de naissance de la civilisation japonaise. The Senkaku Islands are claimed by Japan but disputed by China. During the glacial maximum the marine elevation was 200 meters lower than present. Climat et météo Afrique du Sud. The orogenesis of the high mountain ranges in northeastern Japan started in the Late Miocene and lasted in the Pliocene. Avec les eaux maritimes qui dépendent du Japon, celui-ci dispose d'un territoire de près de 4,54 millions de kilomètres carrés. The primary issue in the dispute revolves around a disagreement about when the name "Sea of Japan" became the international standard. Examples of land reclamation in Japan include: Much reclaimed land is made up of landfill from waste materials, dredged earth, sand, sediment, sludge and soil removed from construction sites. [24] Minor tremors occur almost daily in one part of the country or another, causing slight shaking of buildings. [24] The Pacific coastline north of Tokyo, the coast of Hokkaidō, and the Sea of Japan coast are generally unindented, with few natural harbors. In Tokyo, the Japanese capital, the climate is temperate, with fairly mild, sunny winters and hot, humid and rainy summers. Pendant l'hiver, il y a de grosses chutes de neige.