ADB responded to the crisis by launching the largest grant program in its history. SciDev.Net is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites, All site content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Damage is further exacerbated if families depend on livelihood that is easily affected by such events. On December 26, 2004, an extremely strong earthquake (8.9 on the Richter scale) occurred below … ADPC On December 26th the E arth heaved, the S ea rose and The World Changed. 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550, Metro Manila, Philippines. The earthquake generated a large tsunami that spread across the entire Indian Ocean, causing devastating damage to the coastal areas of countries that face the Indian … In the years that followed the devastation, governments and international organisations started to rebuild streets, piers and entire villages. Today, many of these areas are full of life again. Summary The Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004, killed more than 280,000 people in South and Southeast Asia, including more than 10,000 in India. But today the village seems deserted and the school is abandoned. It was 00.58 GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) on 26 December 2004 — ten years ago today — when a magnitude 9 earthquake off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, unleashed energy estimated to be equivalent to 23,000 Hiroshima-sized atomic bombs. Indian Ocean tsunami disaster. In the open ocean, these travelled at hundreds of miles an hour. If you want to also take images published in this story you will need to confirm with the original source if you're licensed to use them. © 2020 SciDev.Net is a registered trademark. Community Reconstruction after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami 1 Research Question This paper uses data from the Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and Recovery (STAR) to describe the destruction and subsequent rebuilding of housing stock and community infrastructure in Indonesia’s Aceh province following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use, Dimming the sun ‘could cut drought risk by 90 per cent’, Volcanoes and floods: How satellites monitor disasters, Dam disaster risk means independent reviews a must: researchers, East Africa locust invasion approaching full-blown crisis, Climate change and conflict could fuel hunger in 2020, Australian bushfire smoke drifts to South America, Locust hordes threaten Pakistan’s prized cotton farms, Humanitarians turn sights on climate risk, People-centric tech targets disaster displacement, Climate now biggest driver of migration, study finds, Asia on alert as highly destructive fall armyworm spreads. Reconstruction of Tsunami Inland Propagation on December 26, 2004in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, through Field Investigations February 2009 Pure and Applied Geophysics 166(1-2):259–281 Tsunami Reconstruction Plan. On 26th December 2004, the world watched in horror as a deadly tsunami struck the Indian Ocean, killing over 230,000 people throughout Southeast Asia and causing widespread destruction. On December 26, 2004, an extreme earthquake with a magnitude of M w 9.1 took place near the Sunda Trench, off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The Asian Tsunami: Aid and Reconstruction After a Disaster | Asian Development Bank Of this, $725.14 million, or 81%, was grant funding. The tsunami of 2004, the calamity that struck the Tamil Nadu coast on 26th December 2004, was unprecedented in its suddenness and ferocity, affecting villages and towns all along the coastline. ADB also supported the Government in providing immediate assistance for the medium and long-term reconstruction of affected areas and to help rebuild the critical infrastructure - both social and physical - that helped people get back on their feet, reacquire their livelihood and rebuild their lives.". Altogether, an estimated 230,000 to 260,000 people died in the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Home reconstruction at the household level We begin by describing housing quality before the tsunami according to material and construction characteristics, subsequently illustrating how the distribution of these characteristics changed immediately after the tsunami and throughout the recovery. "We rapidly responded, acting in close coordination with the affected governments, local communities and development partners," says Jim Nugent, Deputy Director General of ADB's Southeast Asia Department and former ADB Country Director for Indonesia.. "Our role was to support the immediate assessment of loss and damage. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.It was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 M w, reaching a Mercalli intensity up to … The quake itself was third-most powerful since 1900, exceeded only by the Great Chilean Earthquake of 1960 (magnitude 9.5), and the 1964 Good Friday Earthquake in Prince William Sound, Alaska (magnitude 9.2); both of those quakes also produced killer tsunamis in the … HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH VOL. Early Stage Reconstruction After the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami This section describes several examples of the early-stage reconstruction conducted during the first few years after the 2004 tsunami, including housing, lifeline and business restoration, land use manage-ment, disaster reduction education and the internal conflicts. Continuing to use this site means you agree to our use of cookies. But the traces of the wave have not disappeared from everywhere. What kind of housing should be provided: temporary, semi-temporary or … The failure of reconstruction after the 2004 tsunami. Following the tsunami of December 2004, TI's national chapter in Sri Lanka has been at the forefront of efforts to prevent corruption in humanitarian relief and reconstruction. The tremor triggered a series of waves. Reconstruction of infrastructure, homes, and livelihoods had to … Post-Tsunami Reconstruction in Indonesia. 2004 Tsunami By Loy Rego Asian Disaster Preparedness Center. "Many valuable lessons were learned in responding to this tragic event," says Nugent. 17, NO. According to the organization's Executive Director, J. C. Weliamuna, the lack of visible political will to fight corruption in post-tsunami reconstruction is threatening to divert aid from those who need it most. Poor families, usually living in informal settlements in risk-prone areas, have limited access to economic resources and find it difficult to weather these disasters. The tremor triggered a series of waves. After a decade, reconstruction has been completed with different levels of tsunami countermeasures in most areas; however, some land use planning using probabilistic tsunami hazard maps and vulnerabilities … Swiss Solidarity is marking it by organizing for the first time a broad-based impact evaluation of the aid brought to the victims of the devastating tsunami. The tsunami of 2004, the calamity that struck the Tamil Nadu coast on 26th December 2004, was unprecedented in its suddenness and ferocity, affecting villages and towns all along the coastline. The Tsunami affected around 50 Town Panchayats in six Coastal districts of Tamil Nadu, namely, Kancheepuram, Villupuram, Observations on the Recovery and Reconstruction in Sri Lanka Following the December 26, 2004 Tsunami G. Franco, A. Sheth, and M. Meyer (2013) G. Franco, A. Sheth, and M. Meyer (2013) Page 3 Introduction and Organization of the Report During the early morning hours of December 26, 2004, a tsunami struck over half of the ADPC On December 26th the E arth heaved, the S ea rose and The World Changed. 3 (C) 1 I. Aid workers in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, walk past debris and a damaged building after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Naomi Klein’s 15 work on disaster capitalism takes up the issues of land rights and eviction in post-tsunami Sri Lanka. Post-Tsunami Lifeline Restoration and Reconstruction Yasuko Kuwata Kobe University, Japan 1. Altogether, an estimated 230,000 to 260,000 people died in the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. The easiest way to get the article on your site is to embed the code below. Pure and Applied Geophysics , 165, 1-23, 2009 - "Reconstruction of Tsunami Inland Propagation on December 26, 2004 in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, through Field Investigations." 2004 Tsunami By Loy Rego Asian Disaster Preparedness Center. In response, US charity the Lions Club International Foundation embarked on a project to build new homes for the surviving villagers. On Ko Phra Thong, a small island on Thailand’s west coast, there is what looks like a ghost town. Here, in relation to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, a case study involving the Phra Thong island in Thailand was conducted using inverse modeling that incorporates a deep neural network (DNN). By: Giovanni Ortolani , Paola Di Bella Republish. ADB encourages websites and blogs to link to its web pages. Community Reconstruction after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami 1 Research Question This paper uses data from the Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and Recovery (STAR) to describe the destruction and subsequent rebuilding of housing stock and community infrastructure in Indonesia’s Aceh province following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Bringing science & development together through news & analysis, The failure of reconstruction after the 2004 tsunami, Like most websites we use cookies. Although there ADPC December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, affected 10 countries, more than 220,000 ... reconstruction and economic recovery are achieved It was 00.58 GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) on 26 December 2004 — ten years ago today — when a magnitude 9 earthquake off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, unleashed energy estimated to be equivalent to 23,000 Hiroshima-sized atomic bombs. The 2004 tsunami devastated thousands of communities in countries bordering the Indian Ocean. The details you provide on this page will not be used to send unsolicited email, and will not be sold to a 3rd party. In a region where millions live in risk-prone areas, frequently in situations where building regulations and land use planning are not enforced, natural disasters all too often bring devastation and suffering to the most vulnerable. Subsequently, Arup advised humanitarian organisations on post-disaster reconstruction, advocating appropriate design and sound construction to prevent collapse following earthquakes. The December 2004 tsunami struck nearly 2,260 kilometers of the mainland coastline of India, as … After the 2004 tsunami, the Red Cross distributed ceramic water filters in Sri Lanka. See privacy policy. This study determined factors associated with filter disuse and evaluate the quality of household drinking water. The December 26, 2004 earthquake-tsunami off the west coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, affected millions of people in South and South East Asia. Since the 2004 disaster in Aceh, reconstruction work has progressed with houses and shops … Memorial held in Aceh for 2004 tsunami victims. In the wake of this disaster, one of the most widespread and devastating quick-onset natural disasters in … The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was one of the most devastating tsunamis in world history. Eight years after this unprecedented disaster, the progress achieved has been remarkable and the lives of those affected by the 2004 tsunami have improved immensely. The December 26, 2004 earthquake-tsunami off the west coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, affected millions of people in South and South East Asia. Introduction The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami caused severe damage to houses and infrastructure and resulted in massive human ca sualties in several countries. The Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster was one of the most catastrophic events ever recorded and Indonesia and Sri Lanka were the most affected countries. We encourage you to republish this article online and in print, it’s free under our creative commons attribution license, but please follow some simple guidelines: The 1. After the tsunami both countries have made great efforts in terms of disaster response, relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction. ADPC December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, affected 10 countries, more than 220,000 ... reconstruction and economic recovery are achieved The scale of devastation left behind was massive and required both immediate and long-term action. Lessons from the Reconstruction of Post-Tsunami Aceh: Build Back Better Through Ensuring Women are at the Center of Reconstruction of Land and Property On December 26 2004, a 9.3 magnitude earthquake struck the Indian Ocean and unleashed a blast of energy, creating a tsunami three stories high. It assists its members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development. Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, tsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December 2004. It affected about one million people, besides causing 7997 human deaths, injuries to 3504 persons, about 16000 cattle deaths and huge loss to property, crops and physical infrastructure in the state. The tremor triggered a series of waves. Also, since the tsunami was not a typical disaster for India, it raised a number of new concerns related to reconstruction along the coast. In the open ocean, these travelled at hundreds of miles an hour. Reconstruction of infrastructure, homes, and livelihoods had to begin from the ground up. You have to credit SciDev.Net — where possible include our logo with a link back to the original article. This book is a compilation of hundreds of reports and articles about the 2004 Asian Tsunami disaster and underlines the fact that global disaster risks are highly concentrated in poor countries. (©2005 World Vision/photo by Jon Warren) Gallery. According to the UN, the Boxing Day Tsunami killed nearly 230,000 people and left millions homeless or without access to food, water and the means to make a living. Read the original article. "While significant progress has been made in reducing poverty in the region, natural disasters can still affect the poor disproportionately, due to their of greater exposure and vulnerability to disaster risks," explains ADB's Nugent. On 26th December 2004, the world watched in horror as a deadly tsunami struck the Indian Ocean, killing over 230,000 people throughout Southeast Asia and causing widespread destruction. Introduction . With support from ADB, the people affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami were able to rebuild their lives and communities. During the recovery process following the 2004 tsunami, issues concerning relocation, land rights, and housing reconstruction arose in many areas along the affected coastline. Both urban and rural areas were destroyed along thousands of miles of coastline. This article was originally published on SciDev.Net. As of 30 June 2007, ADB's total approved assistance and cofinanced funds for tsunami-affected countries stood at US$892.035 million. A number of new initiatives undertaken by the government and nongovernmental agencies were innovative and successful. Between 2008 and 2010, Java was struck by earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions. The Indonesian government, which led the reconstruction effort, faced a series of disasters after the tsunami, starting with the Nias earthquake in 2005. Introduction 1.1. It was 00.58 GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) on 26 December 2004 — ten years ago today — when a magnitude 9 earthquake off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, unleashed energy estimated to be equivalent to 23,000 Hiroshima-sized atomic bombs. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.It was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 M w, reaching a Mercalli intensity up to … On December 26, 2004, at 7:59 am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Baan Lion is a village that was built to house those who survived the destruction of Pak Chok, a nearby village of 85 homes that the tsunami completely wiped out. Yet, the earthquake and subsequent tsunami that struck the Indian Ocean basin on 26 December 2004 was on a scale that few could have anticipated. December 2014 will mark the tenth anniversary of the Asian seaquake. SRI LANKA TSUNAMI 2004 – LESSONS LEARNED 16/03/2012 BELGIAN RED CROSS FLANDERS 6 After a disaster, humanitarian agencies engaging in post-disaster housing reconstruction confront a number of key questions. In India, Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Thailand, several reconstruction programs have been successfully completed, livelihoods restored and the long-term sustainability of economies rebuilt. The full article is available here as HTML. Between 2008 and 2010, Java was struck by earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions. 2.1. You can simply run the first few lines of the article and then add: “Read the full article on SciDev.Net” containing a link back to the original article. Tsunami Reconstruction Activities in Town Panchayats Strategies and Outcomes Background The devastation unleashed by the massive Tsunami waves on 26 th December, 2004 was unprecedented in nature. In the open ocean, these travelled at hundreds of miles an hour. India's Reconstruction Following the 2004 Tsunami. 2. Aid workers in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, walk past debris and a damaged building after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Despite the many success stories in the relief operation that followed the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the fight against natural disasters and their consequences in the Asia and the Pacific region is ongoing, as poverty remains a major driver of vulnerability. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Following the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004, Arup provided technical assistance during the immediate relief phase by seconding key staff to non-governmental organisations (NGOs). In a region where millions live in risk-prone areas, frequently in situations where building regulations and land use planning are not enforced, natural disasters all too often bring devastation and suffering to the most vulnerable. As one of the worst natural disasters in memory to hit the Asia-Pacific region, the 2004 earthquake and tsunami killed more than 225,000 people in 11 countries. Seventy five of its inhabitants died in the disaster and many more lost their boats and fishing equipment. Emiel A. Wegelin. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. Baan Lion, which means ‘lion’s village’ in English in reference to those who funded its construction, was completed in 2009. The Causation of the Casualties . The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty. So, what went wrong, what lessons have been learnt and does the village’s future lie along a different path: with ecotourism and nature conservation? With support from ADB, the people affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami were able to rebuild their lives and communities. The tsunami caused damage to most of the Asian and other countries bordering the Indian Ocean. The Indonesian government, which led the reconstruction effort, faced a series of disasters after the tsunami, starting with the Nias earthquake in 2005. Tsunami Reconstruction Plan. and in mainland India after the 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was massive. As the waves approached the coastlines of 14 countries in regions from Eastern Africa to South-East Asia they slowed, but rose to up to 30 metres in height. "Having expanded our efforts to more effectively prevent and respond to natural disasters in the Asia and Pacific region, today we are better positioned to prevent human loss on the catastrophic scale that sadly occurred in 2004.". About ADB, how we’re organized, transparency, Projects, publications, products and services, operational priorities, and development knowledge, Countries with operations and subregional programs, country planning documents, Careers, business opportunities, and investor relations, Reconstruction after the 2004 Earthquake and Indian Ocean Tsunami, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA), Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT), South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC), Civil Society/Non-government Organizations, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand. Tsunami appeal 2004: 10 years on – an impact evaluation.