In Greater Tunis, the proportion of young unemployed is at 35%.[52]. This was the RTS (rapid rail network), the local equivalent of the Paris RER, which was to carry tens of thousands of travellers from the distant suburbs of Tunis to the centre by using either existing tracks or new tracks yet to be built. There are also a number of other post-secondary institutions, such as the National School of Engineers of Tunis, the National School of Science, the Graduate School of Communications of Tunis, and the Higher Institute of Technological Studies in Communications of Tunis. Tunis is the starting point from which the main roads and all highways that serve different parts of the country of Tunis originate. In April 1655 the English admiral Robert Blake was sent to the Mediterranean to extract compensation from states that had been attacking English shipping. [25] During the later 19th century, Tunis became increasingly populated by Europeans, particularly the French, and immigration dramatically increased the size of the city. In total, there are three Greek Orthodox and two Russian Orthodox parishes in Tunisia. About 448 mm | 17.6 inch of precipitation falls annually. On 7 May 1943, at about 15:30 in the afternoon, Tunis fell to troops of British 1st Army and the U.S. 1st Army, which had defeated the German 5th Panzer Army guarding the city. During World War II, Tunis was held by Axis forces from November 1942 to May 1943. A new mass transit was planned for Greater Tunis in 2009. From this souk, there is a street leading to the Souk Ech-Chaouachine (chachia). Tunis holds some of the most prestigious musical institutions in the country. In addition, unemployment is high in young people aged 18 to 24, with one in three unemployed as compared to one in six at the national level. The other 60% is a fertile area. 1600s - Tunisia becomes part of the Turkish Ottoman empire, but has a high degree of autonomy. [64][65], Greeks used to enjoy an important presence in the city since ancient times. Before 2011, unlike other mayors in Tunisia, the mayor of Tunis is appointed by decree of the President of the Republic from among the members of the City Council. Located in an old beylical palace (the palace of the Bey of Tunis since the end of the 18th century), the Bardo National Museum (Tunis) is the most important archaeological museum in the Maghreb, and has one of the richest Roman mosaic collections in the world. In 1955 he placed his student Mohamed Saâda in charge of the ensemble, which at that time included the best artists, and later merged with the ensemble of Radio Tunis. At the beginning of the 18th century, Tunisia entered into a new period in its history with the advent of the Husainid dynasty. [63] The Hammouda Pasha Mosque, built in 1655, is the second mosque built by the Hanafi rite in Tunis. The medina contains most of the major mosques in the capital which were built before the advent of the French protectorate. It belongs to the Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, and its cathedral, small school and other buildings are in Central Tunis. After independence in 1956, Tunis consolidated its role as the capital, first with the establishment of a constitution stating that the Chamber of Deputies and the Presidency of the Republic must have their headquarters in Tunis and its suburbs. The Métro léger de Tunis network has extended gradually since then to reach the suburbs. The main company that operates it is one of the oldest in the country and they are generally descendants of Andalusian immigrants expelled from Spain. Practicing the Maliki rite as the vast majority of Tunisia's Mosques. The project is going through planning. At its core lies its ancient medina, a World Heritage Site. Nidaa Tounes came second with 17 seats. Tourism also provides a significant portion of the city's income. [32] Five Japanese, two Colombians, and visitors from Italy, Poland, and Spain were among the dead. The governor appointed by Béjaïa, having reestablished order in the country, did not hesitate to free himself from the Hammadids to found the Khurasanid dynasty with Tunis as its capital. [91], Parts of this article (those related to the city's economy) need to be, Development under the French protectorate. « Grand Prix historique de Tunis : un rendez-vous magique », Statistiques du sport en Tunisie (Ministère de la jeunesse, des sports et de l'éducation physique), "أخبار تونس: آخر الأخبار الوطنية والجهوية على راديو موزاييك", Coopération internationale (Municipalité de Tunis), "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa", The Municipality of Tunis official website, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation,, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Tunisia, Populated places established in the 2nd millennium BC, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from January 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Articles needing additional references from March 2015, Articles with Arabic-language sources (ar), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 18:07. Tunis and its suburbs have many of the major Tunisian universities including the University of Tunis, Tunisia Private University, University of Ez-Zitouna, the University of Tunis – El Manar, the University of Carthage and the Manouba University. The Arab League was headquartered in Tunis from 1979 to 1990. The best time of year to visit Tunis in Tunisia. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. At the beginning of the 20th century, a number of sports institutions were established in Tunis, particularly in school and college settings. The isthmus between them is what geologists call the "Tunis dome", which includes hills of limestone and sediments. An abrupt southward turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west–east in the north, and north–south in the east. The local climate is also affected somewhat by the latitude of the city, the moderating influence of the Mediterranean sea and the terrain of the hills. In a very short time, the colonial city transformed rapidly. Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Graduate School of Communications of Tunis, Higher Institute of Technological Studies in Communications of Tunis, List of twin towns and sister cities in Tunisia, European enclaves in North Africa before 1830, "Tunisia: Governorates, Major Cities, Communes & Urban Agglomerations", "The Neo-Punic Inscriptions and Coin Legends", "Carthage – 1960, Page 11 by B. H. Warmington. The sun may still increase the temperature from 7 °C (45 °F) in the morning to 16 °C (61 °F) in the afternoon on average during the winter. The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. The city lies on a similar latitude as the southernmost points of Europe. Mongi Gharbi, « Trombes d'eau sur Tunis et certains gouvernorats du pays », "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010", "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie", "Tunis-Carthage Climate Normals 1961–1990", Constitution de la République tunisienne (Jurisite Tunisie),, Budget de la municipalité de Tunis pour l'année 2008 (Municipalité de Tunis), Arrondissements municipaux (Municipalité de Tunis), Population, répartition proportionnelle et taux d'accroissement par gouvernorat (Institut national de la statistique), Stratégie de développement de la ville de Tunis (Municipalité de Tunis), Fiche de présentation de la médina (Association de sauvegarde de la médina de Tunis), Entretien avec Jamila Binous sur la médina de Tunis (TV5), Promenade de Marie-Ange Nardi et Lotfi Bahri dans les souks de Tunis (TV5), "Contextuality, Contextualization, and the New Christians of Tunis", "Saudi Aramco World : The Musical Pulse of Tunisia", Musique et conservatoires (Municipalité de Tunis), "The Cultural Importance Of The Tunisian Carthage Film Festival", "The Carthage Film Festival celebrates its 50th birthday", Statistiques officielles (Ministère de l'éducation nationale), Chokri Ben Nessir, « Une véritable requalification routière ». After the advent of independence, a museum was built there to relate the details of the national struggle between 1938 and 1952. The Medina also has a social sectorization: with the neighborhood of Tourbet el Bey and the Kasbah district being aristocratic, with a population of judges and politicians, while the streets of Pacha often being military and bourgeois. Profits obtained from the trade in Christian slaves allowed the rulers to build sumptuous structures that revived the architectural heritage of the Middle Ages.[15]. At the same time, an active policy of industrialization is developing the municipal economy. Different explanations exist for the origin of the name Tunis. The city spilled outside the area of the earlier town and the banks of the lake, and the new districts were modernised with running water (1860), lighting gas (1872), roads, waste collection (1873), and communication with adjacent suburbs and the city centre. The axis to the structure of this part of the city is the Avenue Habib Bourguiba, designed by the French to be a Tunisian form of Champs-Élysées in Paris with its cafes, major hotels, shops and cultural venues. [15] The Almohad conquest marked the beginning of the dominance of the city in Tunisia. The gaps created by their departure were filled by Tunisians who emigrated to Tunis from other parts of the country. The Théâtre municipal de Tunis, opened on 20 November 1902, showcases opera, ballet, symphonic concerts, drama, etc. In 1990, Ferid Boughedir shot the notable film Halfaouine Child of the Terraces in Halfaouine district. [61] Six new gates were built including Bab El Khadra, Bab Saadoun, Bab El Allouj (initially called Bab Er-Rehiba), Khalid or Bab Bab Sidi Abdallah Cherif, Bab El Fellah and Bab Alioua. The Ottoman Uluç Ali Reis, at the head of an army of janissaries and Kabyles, retook Tunis in 1569. Under the rule of deys and Moorish beys, the capital sprang into new life. You can expect the combination of African and Mediterranean climate. Average weather, temperature, rainfall, when to go, what to pack. Because of population pressure and the rate of migration to the capital, the city continued to grow, even with the creation of new districts in the suburbs. An abrupt southward turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west–east in the north, and north–south in the east [23] Under the reign of Hussein Bey II, naval defeats by the British (1826) and French (1827) saw the French become increasingly active in the city and in the economy.[24]. Products include textiles, carpets, and olive oil. In autumn, it begins to rain, often with short thunderstorms, which can sometimes cause flash floods or even flood some parts of the city. Such an operation would require the upgrading of the docks' TGM stations so that they become suitable for light rail trains. As of 2020[update], it is the fourth-largest city in the Maghreb region (after Casablanca and Algiers and Tripoli) and the sixteenth-largest in the Arab world. The north of Tunisia has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild and rainy winters. Sousse, Tunisia - Current weather, an hourly forecast for today, tomorrow, detailed 10-day weather forecast and long range monthly outlook. This changes southward to semiarid conditions on the steppes and to desert in the far south. It is bordered by Algeria on the west and southwest and Libya on the south east. The sunshine becomes dominant in May when it reaches 10 hours a day on average. The roads also connect with Carthage, emphasising its political and economic importance not only in Tunisia but more widely in North Africa and the Mediterranean Sea in ancient times. In Tunis, the average high-temperature is almost the same as in March - an agreeable 22.4°C (72.3°F). The climate can be divided into two major areas, the north, influenced by the Mediterranean, and the south, influenced by the Saharan desert. : المترو الخفيف لمدينة تونس) and TGM (Tunis-Goulette-Marsa), as well as bus services, and is linked to other places in Tunisia by SNCFT, the national railways. The climate in Tunisia can vary per region. However, urban growth, which is estimated to be increasing by 500 hectares per year, is gradually changing the landscape with urban sprawl. The climate of Tunisia varies with location but the north is mainly temperate and it has mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. North of the Al-Zaytuna Mosque is the Souk El Attarine, built in the early 18th century. Bab Souika (initially known as Bab El Saqqayin) had a strategic role to keep the roads to Bizerte, Béja and Le Kef. [278] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. ", J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 2898. During this period, the city prospered as a centre of commerce. [63] This includes a network of Catholic buildings, including the Church of St. Joan of Arc, but also with the Protestant Reformed Church and the Anglican church Saint-Georges. It still hosts the main ceremonies marking the dates on the Muslim calendar and is regularly attended by the president. It is still surrounded with farmland and vegetables are grown which supply many of the souks in the region. The climate in Tunisia Average daytime and nighttime temperatures All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 11 measuring stations in Tunisia. Successive Husainid rulers made great progress in developing the city and its buildings. Tunis has been the capital of Tunisia since 1159. Furthermore, along the boulevards, the contribution of the architectural period 1850–1950 can be felt in the buildings, such as the government buildings of the nine ministries and the headquarters of the municipality of Tunis. Following these conflicts, the city finally fell into Ottoman hands in August 1574. The city of Tunis, whose size has increased significantly during the second half of the 20th century, now extends beyond the Tunis Governorate into parts of the governorates of Ben Arous, Ariana and Manouba. The small Orthodox community is centred around the Greek Orthodox Church (1862), managed by the Greek Embassy and the Russian Orthodox Church (1957), reflecting the presence in Tunisia of a small colony of Russian immigrants.[63]. Among the high schools in the capital, the best-known are the Lycée de la Rue du Pacha (founded 1900), Lycée Bab El Khadhra, Lycée de la Rue de Russie, Lycée Bourguiba (formerly Lycée Carnot de Tunis), and the Lycée Alaoui. World Map.

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